A Mediterranean diet may be a better way of tackling obesity than calorie counting, leading doctors have said.
Writing in the Postgraduate Medical Journal (PMJ), the doctors said a Mediterranean diet quickly reduced the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
And they said it may be better than low-fat diets for sustained weight loss.
The leading causes of mortality and healthcare costs worldwide are chronic diseases, resulting from lifestyle and environmental factors. The economic burden of poor lifestyle choices is no longer sustainable and impossible to ignore. Most chronic diseases are preventable. To treat the causes of these diseases and to be successful in prevention, a strong focus must be placed on lifestyle medicine aspects.
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Following a Mediterranean diet, monitoring high blood pressure at home, and increasing efforts to ban smoking in public places top the list of new recommendations for reducing stroke risk from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
The new guidelines add the Mediterranean-style diet to the DASH-style diet as a strategy for lowering stroke risk, and recommend supplementing these diets with nuts (Class IIb, Level of Evidence B).
There are different interpretations of the Mediterranean diet, but all versions emphasize eating vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, fish, and poultry, with very little red meat and full-fat dairy.
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